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Family Dominance

  • Power Patterns
  • Dominant Patterns
  • Tendency toward the
  • Decision-making patterns
  • Joint decision-making
  • Wife-alone decision
  • Authority patterns
  • Authoritarian wife
  • Democratic pattern
  • Influence patterns
  • Wife influence
  • Shared influence
  • Sex-differentiated tasks
  • Joint-task pattern
  • Male-linked pattern
  • Specialized father
  • Specialized father
  • Shared-task pattern

( Mina E .Contado, “Power Dynamics of Rural Families”. The Case of a Samar Barrio”, Philippine Sociological Review 29, nos. 1-4 January-December 1981 ).

This traditional pattern is now being questioned by wives, and new expectations are growing that the husband should share equally in the responsibilities of keeping the family together. According to the findings of the Psychological Assessment Development Corporation, men themselves are realizing that being a good provider is a better gauge of masculinity than just having a large number of children.

A study in Samar throws some light on the question of whether the Filipino woman is a repressed scullion or a dominant family authority figure. Like other studies, it finds that the perception is one of masculine dominance-a view held by nearly three-fourths of both men and women. But when the study looked at the assignment of tasks and decision making in specific areas, a different picture emerges. While some decisions were made jointly, the wife, more than the husband, made the most decisions independently and was the most influential in joint decisions.

Parent-Child Relationship

The father exercises authority with the advice and consent of the mother. Although he projects the image of a stem personality, the dispenser of discipline, and the final decision maker, he treats his children with benevolence and affection, and permissiveness usually suffuses the family atmosphere.

Traditionally, the children's role is to obey and not to question, but this is changing as children are treated more as individuals able to express their own ideas and feelings. Sometimes, however, children enroll in a course or do work not o their own choosing their parents fee that because they are older, more experienced and more mature, they are in a better position to decide what is best for their children.

The inculcation of religious ideals is the responsibility of he mother and the observance of religious practice revolves around the mother and the younger children. The father is more lax in his religious obligations, and as long as his wife and children fulfill them, he feels he has complied with his churchly duties.

Daughters receive strict upbringing and their behavior and associations especially, with the opposite sex are closely watched. In comparison, sons enjoy almost unlimited freedom. They may leave the house and join their barkada at will and are relieved of household chores as these are usually assigned to the daughters. In urban areas, a "youth culture" among adolescent boys and girls exists. This is in the form of barkada which sometimes takes a highly aggressive form as the members’ rebel against the existing culture of the parent generation. The barkada provides youth with an outlet for pent-up emotions and parental control and authority.

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