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- Category: Culture And Tradition
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The Tausogs still practice age-old marriage customs. Marriages were arranged by the parents so that the young couple would be married even if they did not have much opportunity to get acquainted. A dowry is go to the bride's family by the groom's family. This dowry may be in the form of crops, work animals, land, money or pieces of jewelry.
Loyalty is an important trait among the Tausugs. They practice the ritual of blood compact to signify the depth of their loyalty to one another. They are fierce and dangerous but the moment one befriends one of them, the bond will be enduring.
Certain burial customs are observed among these people. For example, when someone in the family dies, religious officials are called upon to perform the rituals. The dead man's body is washed to prepare it for the ceremony. The sacred text of the Koran is read over the body. ft is believed that the chants from the Koran will lighten the dead man's spirit from its physical pain. The reading of the Koran Is continued, this time over the grave, for several days. Tausugs means treacherous waters They are given this name because their land floats atop the treacherous waters.
ABOUT THE ART AND MUSIC.....
Most of the Tausog art Is evident in the implements they use. The ukkil design an artistic and colorful combination of shapes, is seen in almost anything of value to the Tausug's. Tausug implements such as fishing boats, weapons, household articles, utensils and musical instruments can be easily identified through this design.
ABOUT THEIR ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES.....
Tausugs are good farmers. They cultivate corn, sweet potatoes, and vegetables for their daily subsistence. Coconuts, cassava and abaca are grown for commercial purposes. However, they have to import all their rice.
Those who live by the lakeshore, rivers and seacoasts are good fishermen. They catch many varieties of fish, sharks, sea cucumbers and pearls.
ABOUT THEIR HOUSES
The ancient dwelling of the Tausugs are built mostly with indigenous materials. Joti is a plant they use for posts while sent leaves are utilized for walls. Digpi, the bark of a specific tree, is used to fasten walls and posts. The digpi 6-8 feet long which is pre-soaked in salt water for sometime then dried before it is used.
Most of the Tausug homes have spacious unpartitioned rooms. There is a verandah or balcony in front of the house. The kitchen is built separately from the rest of the house to prevent smoke from entering the main room. Most of the Tausugs build their stairways facing the rising sun. They believe that fortune will come early in the morning if one's stairway faces the east.
ABOUT THEIR MANNER OF DRESSING
The Tausug men wears tight fitting pants and shirt, a sash around the waist and a matching turban. Their clothes are made of cotton which they weave locally. Oftentimes, men shave their heads or cut their hair short of signify their social status. The women wear matching sarong of the Malay type. They wear brass accessories to their blouses or use as necklace or bracelets.
THE MAGUINDANAOS CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS.....
Another important Muslim group are the Maguindanaos. They live by the Rio Grande lake.
The Maguindanaos observe a code of conduct called LUWARAN. Among the provisions of this code is one on borrowing and losses. A Maguindanao is expected to return promptly any time borrowed from another person. Failure to do is considered as stealing. Anything who fails to return an object has to replace it completely or else, one Suffers punishment.
A Maguindanao considers an oath or a promise as very important. Anyone who makes a promise or an oath must fulfill it. Non-fulfillment could mean danger to him! Pre-arranged marriages are also common among this group. They believe that this type of marriage leads to a happy, successful and enduring relationships.
ABOUT THEIR MATERIAL CULTURE THE HOUSES
Maguindanao houses are made of bamboo and nipa palms. Their floors are made out of available tree trunks. They can beautifully convert any material into a useful part of the house. Modernization has come to the community and many hot now use galvanized iron instead of nipa palms for roofing.
Their manner of dressing is similar to that of other Muslims. They wear bright cotton materials for their malong. However, many of the women have adapted the western style of clothing worn by women in the urban area.