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B (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Bading. [Tagalog slang] 1. A gay person. 2. A homosexual. 3. Also: X-men.

Baduy. [Tagalog slang.] 1. Use of an inappropriate attire. 2. A person who wears a dress code that does not fit. 3. Out of style.4. Fashionwise, belonging to another generation.

Bagnet [Hocos]A deep-fried pork.

Bagoong. [Tagalog] 1. Bottled fermented sauce extracted from fish. 2. Salted fish with sauce tinted with food coloring, usually wrapped in plastic before sealed in tin can. 3. The equivalent of ginamos in Central Philippines and Mindanao. 4. Fish paste.

Bahay kubo. [Tagalog] 1. A rural hut traditionally made of bamboo (as floor, frames and straps), round timber (as trusses, posts), cogon or (as roof), and twine (abaca, rattan or rope), and nails. 2. A Filipino symbol of a rural shelter, often depicted in bayanihan paintings. 3. The cogon-roofed or palm-thatched shelter found in most rural communities, mostly residents of farmers, indigenous peoples, and poor families.

Bakas [Igorot]. One of the four major phases of the moon in the tradition of the Kankana-ey and Bago folk of Benguet. It refers to the last quarter.

Bakya. [Chinese bak (wood) + khiaq (slippers).] 1. Usually, a wooden shoewear. 2. A pair of rural slippers that uses wood as platform and leather, rubber, or plastic as strap.

Balato. [Spanish barato, money given by winning gamblers to bystanders.] 1.Money shared by winning gamblers to friends. 2. Gambling money distributed as a sign of generosity to both losers and nonbettors.

Balaunan [Oriental Mindoro]. A tribal leader or elder that performs the marayaw, an indigenous healing ritual among Alangan-Mangyan people of Paitan, Naujan, in the southern area of Oriental Mindoro .

Balikbayan. [Filipino] 1.Corruption of balik sa bayan, to return home. 2. Any Filipino who works abroad, stays outside his home either for business, visit, tour, homecoming or permanent residence. 3. A Filipino who returns home for one reason or another, specifically overseas workers and long-time residents of another country but have Filipino roots. 4. A returning Filipino.

Balon Kaaguwan [Dagupan City] 1. New noon. 2. A New Year event celebrated by the residents of Pugo Grande, Dagupan City, at noon of Jan. 1. The l2-hour delay has been conceived to allow the residents to collect unsold explosives from manufacturers to be exploded during the festivity. The odd practice informally started in 1994.

Balsahan. 1. An annual event celebrated in Sibunag, Guimaras Province.

Baltung. [Ifugao] A chanting ritual performed by men during farming season, during funeral vigils and other events. See also hudhud.

Balimbing. [Filipino] 1. Star-fruit. 2. A fruit that has five edges resembling a star. 3. A politico who frequently changes partisan affiliation. 4. A turncoat, a political butterfly. 5. A politician who engages in traditional practices in courting public support and electoral victory. 6.The national fruit of Malaysia, belimbing.

Balisa. [Malay belisah, restless.] 1. Listless. 2. Worried. 3.Uneasy. 4.Having sleepless nights.

Balisong. [Batangas, from bali, or broken, and song, a way .of packing, c. 1905.] 1. A folding, fan knife used for circumcision. 2.A butterfly knife patterned after the Chinese folding fan with its knife hidden in between the handles. 3. A folding knife made from old steel and is often used daily in Taal homes as dicer. 4.A durable fan knife that uses deer horn, carabao tusks, and horse bones as handle or hilt. 5.See also dibuyod.

Balittugan. [Ifugao] 1.A native knee wrestling competition. .

Balsa. [Visayas & Mindanao] 1.A sled either drawn by a carabao or cattle. 2.A sled used in hauling farm products to rural markets with the use of farm animals.3.An animal sled made from round timber, bamboo,abaca twine, and connected on both sides by poles linked to each side of yoke. 4.Any sled that is used for hauling.

Bangkarota. [Spanish bancarrota, bankruptcy.] 1. Go bankrupt.2.In a state of being penniless.3.Broke.4.A government that is facing deficit or fiscal shortfall.

Banig.[Filipino] 1. A sleeping mat. 2. A multi-dyed mat made from native shrubs, preferably buli, tikog, and baliw. 3. To spread a piece of cloth, paper, or linoleum on the floor like a mat. 4. To put something below to cushion an impact.

Banjing-banjing. [Slang for gallivant, from English bandying, passing or moving about carelessly.] 1. To loiter aimlessly. 2. To move around in a relaxed mood. 3. Equivalent of the Visayan expression patidpatid sa lata (kicking around a tin can).

Bantak. [Visayan] 1. A bamboo trap, either elongated or square, that is used to entrap fish and crabs, and normally used in shallow waters. 2. An elongated fish trap with wooden strips formed like a funnel that serves as snare whenever a prey enters it.

Banyaga. [Sanskrit vanijya, meaning merchant. 1.A stranger, usually an alien. 2.A person who comes from another place. 3.A foreigner or a person with another nationality.

Baragatan. 1. An annual festival celebrated every June in Palawan.

Baro. [Persian baju, coat or outer garment.] 1. A shirt, dress, or any outer article of clothing. 2. Any item of clothing that is used to cover the body.

Barung-barong. [Malay barong, meaning, hut in the rice fields.] 1.A small hut, made from bamboo, nipa, thatched fronds, rattan. 2. A shack normally found in rustic areas and owned by farmers. 3. A small house found in squatter colonies. 4. Improvised huts that use discarded lumber, thick cartons, p1astic, and other materials.5.A poor man's residence.

Barya. 1. Derived from barilla, an early one-centavo brass coin believed to be the first coin minted in the Philippines, probably in the early 1700s.2.Any loose coin.

Basa. [Sanskrit baca, to read.'~] 1. To read, peruse, or pay particular attention to. 2.To decipher, understand, or comprehend. 3.To read in detail, examine or scrutinize a book, newspaper, or'any publication.

Basi. [Mt. Province] 1. A native wine produced from sugarcane and herbs. 2. Known also as .fvayash by the tribes of Sadanga, Mt. Province. 3. A native wine processed every December during the wine-making festival after the rice harvests.4.A wine, aged from three to six months,extracted from sugarcane with the use of a fvalliwesh, a juicer made of metal and a boulder, then diluted with local herb for aroma and distinct taste before being fermented in earthen jars and kept in the rice granary.

Basmati. [Bicol] 1. A rice variety that originated from the foothills of Himalayas in Nepal but was introducedin Napo, Polangui, a farming town in western Albay by Rodolfo Tuanqui, a former seaman, in June 2003. 2. An aromatic rice that is translucent, creamy white in color and tender and non-sticky when cooked. The grain doubles in size upon cooking and produces an aroma that arises from about 100 compounds.

Bastos. [Spanish basto, 'coarse, rude,vulgar'; the feminine form is basta (different from the other Spanish basta, 'to be enough').] 1.To be vulgar.2. To use offensive arid improper gesture, language, or any rude manifestation.3.Being unethical in the way a person talks, acts, or behaves.

Batchoy. [Iloilo] 1. A native dish cooked with an admixture of broth, pork rind, noodles, fried garlic, pork meat, diced onions, and flavoring.

Bay-a, bay-ah, baya. [Ifugao] 1.a native rice wine popular in the communities of Banaue, Kiangan, Lagaw and Hungdua. 2. An indigenous wine offered to the Ifugao deities to obtain good harvests, cure the sick, and establish empathy with neighbors.

Bayanihan. [Tagalog] 1. To work collectively. 2. To perform a task in a cooperative manner.3.A Filipino rural tradition of helping each other finish a certain job, especially a community endeavor. 4.A national trait popularly depicted with people communally carrying of a nipa hut on the shoulders of able-bodied men for transfer to another site.5. Name of the country's most successful dance troupe.6.Tagalog for cooperation.

Bayawak. 1.The monitor lizard. 2.A kind of lizard that feeds on carrion or decaying meat.

Begnas. [Mt. Province] 1.A festival devoted to the hopes of a good and fruitful harvest, and it is done thrice a year based on the agricultural cycle.

Berdugo. [Spanish verdugo, executioner.] 1.The man who switches on the power requi:-ed in an electric chair execution. 2.A person who kills somebody based on a lawful order. 3.A hired killer. 4.In mythology, a giant assigned to kill anybody as an act of vengeance, to scare people, or annihilate a tribe.

Beska [Igorot]. One of the four major phases of the moon in the tradition of the Kankana-ey and Bago folk of Benguet. It refers to the first quarter.

Binago [Caraga] 1.A festival held in Butuan that features grilled mudfish. 2.A Butuanon activity that was first held on June 14,2003.

Binaliay. [Isabela] 1. A native rice cake. 2. Symbolizes the industry, endurance, diligence, and perseverance of the residents of Ilagan in Isabela province. 3.A rice cake served with. a sauce, locally known as laro, serving as dish mat.

Binaludan. 1. Maguindanaoan for tie or knot.

Binaludtu. 1.In Maguindanaoan dialect, rainbow colors.

Binanog. [Capiz] 1. A May festivity celebrated by the indigenous groupTumanduk.2.A dance inspired by the gracefulness of a hawk, locally known as banog, in flight.3.A tribal dance performed by the Tumanduk tribe only during special occasions.

Binatbatan. {Ilocos] 1.An annual festival in Ilocos region started in 2002 2.The traditional way of cotton ginning or beating cotton to remove its seeds.

Binignit. [Cebuano] 1.A native snack food cooked from the mixture of diced sweet potato, ripe banana, tuber, and yam and cooked with sugar and coconut milk. 2.In Tagalog, ginatan. (shortened for ginataan.)

Biyaya. [Malay biaya, cost, expense,special allowance.] 1. Graces. 2. Manna from: heaven.3. Gift for having done charitable: acts. 4. A manifestation of appreciation from Divine Providence in terms of material acquiescence.5.An unexpected reward for having done something good without asking in return.

Bodong [Cordillera] 1.A peace agreement forged between two warring tribes.

Bolero. [Tagalog slang for trickster, deceiver, from the Spanish bolero, liar.] 1.A sweet talker. 2.A person who loves to use superfluous language to convince hisaudience. 3.Somebody who has the flair to convince people without really trying hard.

Bomba. [Filipino slang.] 1.Sexoriented movies produced in the seventies. 2.Also, a bomb or' explosive. 3.Injournalism, an expose, scandal, or volatile revelation.

Bonliw. [Quezon Province] 1.A softwood tree species indigenous to Gumacatown. 2 Also: Malapapaya, knownscientifically as Polycias nodosa (Blume)seeman of the Araliaceai family. 3.A softwood species that grows up to as high as 25 meters with a diameter of about 50 em. can be propagated by seeds and grows in open thickets and second:'hand growths.

Boondocks. [Tagalqg, bundok.]Mountains.

Borloloy. [Tagalog] 1.Decorations. 2.Any structure that is found excessive in comparison to the uses it has been planned. 3. An expensive piece of property. 4. A seemingly useless project. 5.A white elephant 6.Accoutrements of some kind.

Boses. [Spanish voz I (plural voces), voice.] 1.The sound that comes out of the mouth when talking. 2.A man's voice. 3.A form of communication.

Boso. [Tagalog slang for peep, from the Spanish buzo, diver.] 1.A voyeur or peeping Tom. 2. Somebody who is delighted by sensual insinuations or acts seen by peeking through cracks, slats, or holes. 4. In fishing, busero, a deep-sea diver.

Botaka. [Isabela] 1. A giant armchair. 2.Any of the large chairs made by artisans from Hagan,Isabela.

Brutsa. [Slang, from Spanish brush.] 1.A paint brush. 2.To manipulate the clitoris using the tongue, or cunnilingus. 3.To excite a woman through her vagina.

Bugay. [Visayan} 1. Dowry. 2.Monetary consideration asked by the bride's parents before a marriage is sealed. 3.Slang for a female thug.

Buguey, Cagayan. 1.Crab capital of the Philippines.

Bukid. [Early Austronesian bukij, ''help of earth.] 1.Farmland. 2.Hills or mountains.3.Area that is opposed to urban center. 4. Agricultural area. 5. A cultivated land found in far-flung barangay. 6.A provincial address.

Bul-alo. [Visayan]. The golden cowrie [Lyncina aurantium], one of the tarest and most expensive seashells in the world. It belongs to the family Cypraedae or cowrie shells that include 200 different species that inhabit the tropical waters of the Indo- Pacific between the Philippines and
Malaysia.

Bulanglang. [Batangas] 1.A rice water cooked with a mixture of vegetable blossoms from papaya and banana. 2.A sour-tasting, rich soup that mixes a variety of tops from different vegetables and other
edible blossoms.

Bulilyaso. [Tagalog adjective for thwarted, failed, from the Spanish bolilo, thread reel or spool used for making lace.]1.Failure to materialize. 2. Unsuccessful.3. An act that is not consummated. 4. A contract, appointment, or engagement that has not been carried out.

Bultung. [Ifugao] 1.A kind of native wrestling.

BuluI. [Ifugao] 1. The rice god;considered as one of the most important figures in Ifugao culture.

Buntog. [Davao slang] 1.A whore. 2.Visayan for a low-flying bird found in dense vegetation, or the quail. 3 A teenage or juvenile prostitute who offers masturbation, preferably inside a taxicab, to a customer for a very minimal fee. 4.Any pubescent girl who offers non-sexual services in exchange for an amount that she can use in buying a shoe-glue known as rugby.

Buri. [Tagalog]. 1. A wild fan palm variety popularly used in Hicol region for hat-making.3.A palm species that normally grows in wetland and mangrove areas. 3. In Cebuano, buli, a plant where an extracted tooth is buried beside to ensure the remaining teeth do not contract plaque and other dental problems.

Burnay. [Mt. Province] 1.An earthen jar used in fermenting the native wine extracted from sugarcane known as basi.

Burong. [Ifugao] 1. An endemic foot wrestling match.

Butaan, batua, baneas. A relative of the better known bayawak (monitor lizard) or halo, the. Gray's monitor lizard is one of the largest lizards in the Philippines. Found only on Catanduanes Island and the Bicol Peninsula, favors forest habitats in cliff and limestone areas, feeds on fallen fruits, and remains mostly hidden in rock crevices fissure and tree hallows. Known as solitary creatures, they are recklessly hunted for food.

Butik [Ilocos] A small bitter gourd or ampalaya used in the preparation of pinakbet.

Butsike. [Visayan slang attributed to novelty singer Yoyoy Villame.] 1.A playful corruption of Visayan butiki (lizard). 2.Tomean nothing, or senseless.

 

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