S (Filipino Cultural Dictionary)

Saan. [Davao] 1.A tangy native drink extracted from an idyok tree, which is a Philippine palm species. 2. Native liquor popular in tribal areas around Davao region.

Sabado. [Spanish Sabado, Sabbath.] 1.Day after Friday. 2.Day before Sunday.

Sacley [Cordillera] Headgear used by a Bontoc warrior.

Sagayan. 1.A Maguindanao dance depicting a fight between two tribes. 2.A traditional war dance performed by the Moro people.

Sagayaw. [Maguindanao] 1.A traditional money-making dance among Maguindanaons that is presented during Muslim royalty weddings. 2.Any of the regal Maguindanao dances that pays homage to marriage.

Saklolo. [Tagalog] 1.From the Spanishb socorro, help, aid. 2.To assist.

Salakot. [Filipino] 1.A Bohol native circular-rimmed hat made of rattan, bamboo strips, and nipa with a pointed pyramidal center. 2.A headgear that looks like a triangle but has a spherical base, and is made from native materials. 3.Any cottage, beachfront residence, or vacation house that resembles it.

Salirap. [Visayan] 1.Matted palm. fronds that are secured on top by coconut midrib from where the leaves are naturally connected. 2.Matted coconut leaves used either as house sidings, roofs, or walls. 3. To use matter fronds as shelter on rain or direct heat.

Sana-aw. 1. An annual event celebrated in Jordan, Guimaras Province.

Sando. 1.A sleeveless undershirt, the sando. 2. Named after the famous tum-ofthe- century American vaudeville showman Eugene Sandow, a world weightlifting champion who popularized bodybuilding and wore a sleeveless shirt when showing off his muscles. His remarkable physique gained worldwide in his kinetoscopic film Sandow the Strongman. His Filipino fans immortalized him by naming the local kamiseta, or undershirt, sando.

Sapak. [Tagalog slang for punch, originally meant broken off based on the loud sound of a tree branch breaking off.] 1.To maul or manhandle. 2.To hit hard.

Sasmuan. [Pampanga. 1. Original name of Sexmoan town, now restored. 2.From Pampanga sasmo, or meeting place.

Sexmoan. 1.Pampanga's fish capital.

Silya. [Spanish silla, chair.] 1.A furniture to sit on. 2.A seat.

Simbergwensa. Tagalog for shameless, from the Spanish phrase sin (without) and verguenza (shameless). 2.An ingrate.

Sinabaw. [Visayan, from sabaw, to put soup] 1. Any of the stewed recipes with broth, whether fish, chicken, pork, or beef. 2. To stew, or to cook with a soup.

Sinagingan. [Cavite] 1.From saging, or banana. 2.A banana festival celebrated in Palocpoc, Mendez, Cavite; first started on May 15, 2003. 3. Festival in honor of San Isidro Labrador, the patron saint of laborers.

Singkil. 1.A Maranao term for the anklet. 2.A dance performed by maidens showing their skill in dancing between clicking bamboos.

Singlip. [Cordillera & Ilocos Sur] I.Peace talks called on warring tribes to stop violence and settle disputes through indigenous peace agreements.

Sinsinukat. The exorcism performed by the Tinggians.

Sinuksok. [Batangas] 1.The design used in Tall-made embroidered finery.

Sinulog. [Cebuano] 1.An annual festivity done in memory of the Santo Nino de Cebu. 2. A tourism attraction staged every third Sunday of January in Cebu. 3. Also: Pit, Senyor! (Sangpit, Senyor!, to appeal to the Holy Child.)

Sipat. [Cordillera] 1.The gesture of exchanging tokens to symbolize the start of peace talks between warring tribes in Mt. Province and Kalinga-Apayao. 2.In Visayan, a brat.

Sipol. 1.Tagalog corruption of the Spanish chiflo, "whistling, hissing." 2.To whistle using the mouth.

Sisig. [Pampanga] 1.17th century cocktail snack comprised of unripe mango, guava or papaya. 2. Anything that was fermented in vinegar. 3. A local dish cooked from pork cheek, chicken liver, pork rump, and onions, and seasoned with soy sauce, calamansi, and chili pepper. 3. Considered food for the baby's bones: an expectant mother prepares the food differently with a mixture of pig's ears and tail dashed with vinegar, believing that the crunchy texture of the cartilage will strengthen the fetus's
bones. 4. Popularized as companion food during drinking sprees, or pulutan, in the 70s.

Solibao. [Baguio] 1.An indigenous drum popular among the Ibaloi natives.

Sugba. [Visayan] 1.To cook in charcoal. 2.To roast meat chunks, fish or vegetables in cinders. 3.To cook food atop embers.

Suka. [Sankrit cukra, vinegar.] 1.A food ingredient derived or fermented from various sources, usually from coconut, a mixture of ascetic acid and water, or pineapple. 2. A sour-tasting sauce commonly used in fingerfoods, or pulutan (appetizers)

Sukdap. [Iloilo] 1. Bamboo strips used to tie two bamboo poles. 2.Strips that are alternatively in securing native roofs, keeping poles in rafts together, or keeping walls, floors, or ceilings from collapsing. 3. A nail substitute traditionally preferred by natives, rural residents, and rural farmers.

Sugidanon. [Capiz] 1.A Tumanduk epic that is part of the tribe's rich oral tradition, and it verbally records the clan's legends, epics and events that occur in the indigenous community. 2.A tribal epic chanted in the archaic Panay language known as dagil.

Sugpo [Tagalog]. 1.A tiger shrimp. 2.In Visayan,paye.

Sumpak [Filipino] 1.Homemadeshotgun.

Suwitik. [Filipino; from Chinese suwitik, sly, sharp.] 1.A person who uses every situation to his advantage. 2.Somebody who shortchanges another
person.